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Military Benefits Questions in California Divorce Cases – In re Marriage of Chapman

For the tens of thousands of military members and their families who live in California, government benefits often help them remain financially secure. Those benefits and the programs under which they’re provided can also raise unique issues when a military member and his or her spouse decide to divorce. California’s Third District Court of Appeals recently considered some of these issues.

soldiersHusband and Wife divorced in 2003, following 29 years of marriage. They entered into a marital settlement agreement at the time of the divorce, which laid out how they split community assets and other property. Husband served in the U.S. Navy for 17 years during the marriage and began receiving military retirement benefits in 1991. The spouses stipulated in the agreement that Wife’s share of Husband’s military retirement benefits was about $475 per month. Wife waived her right to a piece of Husband’s Social Security and disability benefits, as well as “any and all work related benefits,” under the terms of the agreement.

Husband was diagnosed with post-traumatic stress disorder related to his tours of duty in the military. After the spouses divorced, the Department of Veterans Affairs offered him special combat-related compensation in lieu of his retirement benefits. Although the amount was the same as his retirement benefits, the combat-related compensation wasn’t subject to taxes. Husband accepted the change in benefits and stopped paying half to Wife. A trial court eventually sided with Wife, however, ruling that she was entitled to continue receiving $475 per month. The court said the agreement was intended to ensure that Wife kept getting her original share of the benefits, even if Husband opted not to receive them.

Affirming the decision on appeal, the Third District said the trial judge was entitled to order Husband to keep up his end of the bargain. Although the appeals court said the judge wrongly imposed a constructive trust on Husband’s military compensation to force him to make the payments, it said the trial court had broad discretion to require that the payments kept going to Wife. That was particularly true, the Court said, since Husband could afford to make the payments. He testified that he was bringing in about $7,000 per month in income.

As a result, the Court sent the case back to the trial judge with instructions to lift the trust and fashion another form of relief to ensure that Wife continued to get the monthly payments.

Questions about retirement benefits are just some of the many issues that can come up in a divorce case. If you’re considering a divorce or are grappling with child support and other issues in California, contact San Jose divorce attorney John S. Yohanan. With more than 30 years of experience, Mr. Yohanan is an accomplished family law attorney who has helped a number of clients resolve a wide variety of marital disputes. Call our office at (408) 297-0700 or contact us online to schedule a consultation.

Related blog posts:

Settlement Agreement Contract Disputes in California – In re Marriage of Wintemute and Soltan

Length of Marriage and Duty to Find Work in California Spousal Support Cases – In re Marriage of Swanson

Pre-Divorce Agreements and Financial Disclosures in California Divorce Cases – In re Marriage of Evans